J. L. ACKRILL, Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione. Translated with Notes (Clarendon Aristotle Series). Oxford, Clarendon Press, VII, p. Pr. sh. Aristotle’s Categories is a singularly important work of philosophy. It not only .. Ackrill finds Aristotle’s division of quality at best unmotivated. The Categories is a text from Aristotle’s Organon that enumerates all the possible kinds of Aristotle’s own text in Ackrill’s standard English version is: Of things.
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As Moravscik formulates this view, the categories are those types of entity to which any sensible particular must be related. But at some point, there is a lowest species that is not further differentiated.
The latter has come to be known as inherence. It is for this reason that the highest kinds are, strictly speaking, indefinable — because there is no genus above a highest kind, one cannot define it in terms of its genus and a differentia. Ships from and sold by Amazon. They are “perhaps the single most heavily discussed of all Aristotelian notions”.
Nonetheless, Aristotle’s equating an increase in generality with a decrease in substantiality is at least in spirit strongly anti-Platonic.
Showing of 5 reviews. Whether the derivations can withstand philosophical scrutiny is of course an important question, one that I will not pursue here, though I will say that Brentano was probably a bit too enthusiastic about the prospects for an entirely satisfactory a priori proof of the completeness of Aristotle’s categories.
Aquinas seems to see the species in the category of quality caegories unfolding systematically from some basic metaphysical principles. What theory of ac,rill underlies Aristotle’s scheme? Hence, Socrates’ whiteness cannot exist without Socrates. These works don’t have many English translations: Moreover, there is something rather intuitive about the idea that members of natural kinds are a fundamental type of entity in the world and hence that there is a system of kinds of increasing generality to which each such entity belongs.
Hence, if being were a genus, it would have to be categoriees by a differentia that fell outside of it. Supplement on Nonsubstantial Particulars for Aristotle Metaphysics 2. Aristotle’s Categories and de Interpretatione.
Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione
Consider, for instance, the two sentences: These section titles reflect the traditional Latin adkrill of the entire work, the Predicamenta. Aristotle’s example of such an entity is knowledge; but again, whiteness, provides a somewhat more intuitive example.
Sign in to use this feature. Similarly, according to Aristotle, things in zristotle world are not beings because they stand under some genus, being, but rather because they all stand in a relation to the primary being, which in the Categories he says is substance.
Beyond these few remarks, however, it is difficult to say exactly, given only what is made explicit in the Pre-predicamenta what a primary substance is.
Categories and De Interpretatione – Aristotle – Oxford University Press
Then one would at least have an explanation as to why Aristotle derived the list he in fact derived, even if one is inclined to reject Aristotle’s list. Aristotle’s system, however, begins to look somewhat awkward when his list of highest kinds is scrutinized. Moreover, some of the peculiarities of his list are nicely explained in this way.
Furthermore, questions about Aristotle’s views about categorirs nature of some of the species in quantity arise. No keywords specified fix it.
So the class that contains all and only beings must be the class with the greatest possible extension. The interested reader can find a discussion of these issues here:. Geschichte der KategorienlehreBerlin: Translated with Notes and Glossary.
To give a rough idea, examples of substance are man, horse; of quantity: Under these species, we can suppose, fall the particulars that belong to that species. Ackrill Ackrill finds Aristotle’s division of quality at best unmotivated.
It must be admitted that it is difficult to say exactly what it means to say that a particular is non-accidental. Some have interpreted Aristotle as classifying concepts. Ackrill, for instance, criticizes Aristotle as follows:.
J. L. Ackrill, Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione – PhilPapers
Treatise on the VirtuesJohn A. Second, Aristotle’s examples of items belonging to the various categories are generally extra-linguistic. In fact, it is in ackrilo due to such difficulties that external questions about categorical and other metaphysical structures arise. Part of a series on the.
The universal whiteness is said-of many primary substances but is only accidental to them.
Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Categories Aristotle. But it is not clear what such a kind would be except being, or perhaps the even more general kind thing; and as I have already said, not only does Aristotle reject the idea that being is a genus, but it is difficult to see what the relevant sense of thing is, if this is not simply another word for substance.
History of Western Philosophy. Rather, they are themselves essential unities, and indeed not predicable at all. Consider, for instance, body. As should be clear from this brief discussion, providing a complete derivation of Aristotle’s categorical scheme would be a difficult, indeed perhaps impossible, task. After relatives, Aristotle discusses the category of quality.